Char Development and Settlement Project IV
The fourth phase of the Char Development and Settlement Project, CDSP IV, started on 1 March 2011, with the mobilisation of the TA team. The project is co-financed by the Government of Bangladesh, the Government of the Netherlands, and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The financing agreement between IFAD and the Government of Bangladesh was signed in Rome on 9 May 2011, while the Administrative Arrangement between the Netherlands and Bangladesh was signed in Dhaka on 4 January 2012.
The overall objective of the project is to reduce poverty and hunger for poor people living on newly accreted coastal chars, which will be achieved via improved and more secure livelihoods. The purpose is therefore to improve and enhance the security of the livelihoods of the settlers in the project areas. This applies in particular for the 28,000 households in the CDSP IV project areas. The purpose is achieved through the following outputs: - effective management of water resources, protection against tidal and storm surges, improved drainage; - climate resilient internal infrastructure for communication, markets, cyclone shelters, provision of potable water and hygienic sanitation; - provision to the settlers of a legal title to land; - improved livelihoods and household resilience; - institutional development in order to create an enabling institutional environment; - knowledge management through undertaking and disseminating surveys and studies and by learning from and contributing to ICZM efforts.
The focus of the activities of CDSP IV is on the development of five new chars: Char Nangulia, Noler Char and Caring Char (these three chars are contiguous to each other); Urir Char and Char Ziauddin. The total extent of these chars is around 30,000 ha, with an estimated population of 155,000 in 28,000 households. The six project components implemented in these areas are:
1. Protection from climate change The protection from climate change on the chars is enhanced by building embankments, drainage sluices, channels, and closures. Water Management Groups are formed to operate and maintain the developed infrastructure. In addition, protective plantations of trees are established on mud flats, foreshores and embankments, which also provide income generation possibilities for Social Forestry Groups.
2. Climate-resilient infrastructure The project builds roads, bridges, culverts, cyclone shelters / schools, killas (cyclone refuges for livestock), markets, boat landing ghats, bus stands, and Upazilla offices. This infrastructure will improve the communication both inside the area and with the surrounding areas. This allows settlers access to outside markets to sell their products and to buy necessary goods. Furthermore deep tube wells and hygienic latrines are established to improve the living conditions of the settlers.
3. Land settlement and titling Following an extensive plot-to-plot survey to identify pieces of land and their current occupants, CDSP IV leads the administrative process for the official registration of the land titles. Successful innovations (good practice) made during previous phases of the project are continued. These include public hearings to confirm the landless households, registering the title in both wife’s and husband’s name, and the digital land record management system.
4. Livelihood support The agricultural support subcomponent aims at enabling farmers to make better use of their land resources. Farmer Forums are established, and a programme to promote agricultural technologies is implemented. These technologies are specifically adapted to saline conditions and for resilience to climate change. Under the social and livelihood support subcomponent four NGOs provide micro-finance services, training on income-generating activities and disaster management, raise awareness for legal rights, and extend health and family planning services.
5. Field level institutions To ensure people’s participation in the project’s interventions, community based groups, such as Water Management -, Social Forestry -, Micro Finance - and Tube Well User Groups are formed. They are closely involved in planning and implementing the project as well as in operation and maintenance upon the completion of interventions. While forming these field level institutions, female participation is promoted.
6. Surveys and studies, operation and maintenance The project continues its support in CDSP I, II and III areas for operation and maintenance activities and land settlement (in particular in Boyer Char). Feasibility studies are undertaken to identify and preliminarily formulate programmes for future interventions in the coastal char areas.
The project continues support for CDSP I, II and III areas with Operation and Maintenance activities and land settlement (in particular in Boyer Char). It also looks to the future by conducting feasibility studies in areas where future char development programs might be undertaken.
As with the previous phase, CDSP IV draws on the experience and expertise of six implementing agencies, a technical advisory team (TA Team) supports the work of the implementing agencies and coordinates the involved Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), and an Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee and a Project Management Committee ensure an effective coordination among all implementing partners. More information can be found under ‘Partners’ in the menu.